Four military exercises previously organised by National Armed Forces as national or international training have been included in NATO Exercise and Training Schedule. From now on exercises "Silver Arrow", "Summer Shield", "Baltic Zenith" and "Detonator" will be NATO-led exercises, and the participation in these exercises will be open to all Allied countries. The exercises "Silver Arrow" and "Summer Shield" will be included in this schedule for the second year in a row.
Three military exercises organised by the Armed Forces were included in the NATO Exercises and Training Schedule last year. These were the combat support specialist exercise "Summer Shield XI'' held in cooperation with USA in April, the command post exercise "Red Knight 14" held in cooperation with Denmark, which gathered 300 soldiers from the Armed Forces of Denmark, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and USA, and the multinational exercise "Silver Arrow 2014".
The combat support specialist and unit training exercise "Operation Summer Shield XI" was held in Camp Ādaži in April involving more than 600 soldiers from the Armed Forces of Latvia, Estonia and USA. The annual exercise which was organised in cooperation with the Armed Forces of USA was held for the eleventh time. There were two main goals for this exercise — to train the headquarters of the battle group of the battalion to integrate and coordinate fire support for infantry attack operations as well as to train company level manoeuvre unit to integrate battle support in an operation.
Multinational military training "Silver Arrow 2014" was held in the Ādaži military base and the surrounding territory from 29 September till 6 October. The training was organised and led by Latvia and more than 2100 soldiers from Latvia, USA, Greece, Estonia, The United Kingdom and Norway took part. The training was organised to improve cooperation, to prepare and perfect the unit skills of conventional warfare and to improve the cooperation between the Defence Sector and the public authorities of the national and regional level during the support missions carried out by the host country to facilitate hosting and locating the allied military and support units in the territory of Latvia.
Last year several training programmes and military exercises organised by NATO were carried out in Latvia.
In the end of May the most extensive flight exercises Baltic Regional Training Event (BRTE) in the Baltics held by the NATO Allied Air Command Headquarters Rammstein were performed in the Latvian airspace and Ādaži Training Area. Seven NATO Member States and two Member States of the Partnership for Peace took part in the exercise and improved the cooperation between fighter jets and support planes in a multinational environment emphasizing the cooperation between Air and Land units and military planes emergency procedures.
A part of the NATO-organised training "Steadfast Javelin II" was held in the Air Force base Lielvārde and Camp Ādaži in Latvia in the beginning of September. The aim of the exercise was to transport personnel and armoured vehicles using aircrafts. The training "Steadfast Javelin II" was simultaneously held in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland and Germany and 2000 soldiers from nine countries took part in it. They increased their interoperability in performing complex operations; the cooperation of Land and Air units during air drop operations was especially stressed.
NATO exercise "Steadfast Pyramid 2014" was held in the National Defence Academy of Latvia from 15 till 19 September and NATO exercise "Steadfast Pinnacle 2014" was held from 22 till 26 September. The aim of the two exercises was to improve the unified operation planning and leading capabilities of the highest ranking officers and commanders. "Steadfast Pyramid" and "Steadfast Pinnacle" have been held in Latvia since 2011. These training operations will be held in Latvia up until 2018 in accordance with the agreement between Latvia and the NATO Allied Command Transformation.
During 2015 the Armed Forces will take part in more than 80 exercises and military training in Latvia and abroad.
Not only will this improve the defence skills, it will also increase the ability of the leadership to adapt to emergency situations, it will strengthen the cooperation between nations and the civil-military cooperation as well as the theoretical and practical integration of mobilisation systems, as well as individual and collective training of the military reserve soldiers.